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Although it can be reversed, the reversal process does not guarantee the possibility of getting pregnant.
The fallopian tube is a long, narrow tube that connects each ovary to the uterus.
Ligation is a surgical procedure where each fallopian tube is permanently blocked by surgery. In this way it is possible to prevent the sperm from fertilizing the ovum, and therefore the pregnancy.
Although tubal ligation is a permanent procedure, there are cases where women regret it and wish to become pregnant. In these cases there are two options that can allow a woman to become pregnant again after a tubal ligation. Both are reasonable options and each woman should consider the pros and cons of each of them.
Ligation reversal surgery ortubal reanastomosis is a surgical procedure that involves reattaching the cut ends of the fallopian tubes.
The chances of pregnancy success of this type of intervention range between a 25% and 80%, and your success will depend on age of the patient and type of surgery which was used for tubal ligation.
This type of surgery requires a laparotomy, in which the incision in the abdomen is slightly larger, 10-15 cm long. So the recovery time after surgery is longer compared to other types of laparoscopic surgery such as a tubal ligation. Most women will need to be in the hospital for about 3 days after tubal reversal surgery and will need to be off work for a minimum of 2 to 3 weeks.
The fertilization in vitro It consists of stimulating the woman's ovaries with medications, extracting the oocytes that have matured, fertilizing them in the laboratory with the couple's sperm, and transferring some of the resulting embryos back to the uterus to be implanted.
The main advantage of fertilization in vitro is that women can avoid tubal reversal surgery.
Before choosing one or another technique to get pregnant after a tubal ligation, some important aspects must be considered, such as the quality of the couple's sperm, the condition of the tubes, the existence of other medical conditions, the age of the mother and the quantity and quality of the ovules.